On July 7th, the personal company
NORDATA - Norwegian Data-Electronics was created by Per
Bjørge, Lars Monrad Krohn, Rolf Skår and Terje
Mikalsen. The 19th of September, the company goes public. First CEO
is Lars Monrad Krohn. Stock capital equals 194.000 NOK. The company
rents a few square meters at Norsk Viftefabrikk (Norwegian fan
factory) at Bryn in Oslo. The company notes a deficit of
26.000 kroner for the first year in
operation - the only red numbers in
The company sells 9 NORD-1 machines.
The company achieves a revenue of
6.25 millon kroner. Same year the expenses for the staff is 780.000
Virtual memory architechture on a
16-bit mini; NORD-1.
Intel releases their 4004 microprocessor
and plays with all of 4 bits.
The development of NORD-5 starts, to become
NDs first 32-bit computer.
Norsk Data Elektronikk gets the current
logo. ND rents 850m² in the Økern building. The first
NORD system,(Translator's note: Shouldn't this be NORDIC?)
consisting of three NORD-1s and a NORD-5, is delivered to the
Norwegian Meteorological Institute.
NORD TSS, an operating system for
16-bit minicomputers with timesharing for multiple users and
multiple programming languages.
A contract with CERN - The European centre for nuclear research - is made.
NORD-5, the world's first 32-bit supermini computer.
The operating system NORD-1 TSS,
Multilingual Time Sharing System, is developed and is percieved at
that time as the most advanced operating system in the world.
Intel releases their 8-bit 200KHz 8008
Norsk Data-Elektronikk gets a new logo
similar the the current one, with the dots. International
breakthrough with an order of 24 computer for CERN.
Introduction of the NORD-10, based on
technology many years ahead of ND's competitors.
Introduction of SINTRAN III, a
userfriendly operating system for the NORD computers.
The operating system CP/M
(Control Program/Monitor) sees the light of day. Shouldn't that
be Control Program for Microprocessors?
Large NORD-50 order to Meteoroloigical
centre in Algeria. By the end of the year there are 140 employees
in the company. Concidering moving the company to Kristiansand and
negotiations are started with the county.
SINTRAN III/VS, a general operationg
system for both 16-bits and 32-bits computers. It is the first
multiple-mode operating system for real time computing,
multilingual, timesharing, and both local and remote batched
Intel releases their 8-bit 2MHz 8080
microprocessor and Motorola introduces their 8-bits 6800
CP/M is released for Intel
The first NORD-10 systems, intended for
purely administrative uses, is delivered to Jonas
Øglænd, Kreditkassen,(A large bank) and Norsk
Tipping.(The state lottery)
NORD-50, the second-generation 32-bit
SIBAS, a Codasyl-based multiuser online
database system. It is an important tool for administrative
purposes and distributed data processing.
Microsoft is started by Bill
Gates and Paul Allen as they launch their BASIC interpreter.
The company changes name to NORSK DATA A/S.
ND wins contracts with NSB (State railway monopoly) over
delivery of equipment and development of users for the control of
freight trains (GTL)
Intel comes out with a new 8-bits 5MHz 8085
microprocessor. Zilog releases their 8-bit 2.5MHz Z80
Great international attention is woken when
ND in sharp competition with large American vendors wins the
contract to the computer for the F-16 pilot training simulator.
This is the largest contract yet in ND's history. The company is
awarded the Export award for 1977.
Rolf Skår takes over as CEO. ND sets
eye on the graphics industry and establishes its own division for
this product area, Nortext. The number of employees has reached
400. The NORD-100 computer series changes name to ND-100. The
company moves into new offices at Furuset, the first Norsk Data
Intel introduces the 4.77MHz 8086
microprocessor and has thus advanced to an amazing 16 bits.
Tandberg A/S is bought by ND. The number of
employees is rapidly increasing, and they move into new spaces at
Skullerud. Breakthrough on the English and Danish markets.
ND-100 arrives on the market, a very
fast and compact 16-bits minicomputer, and the development of
ND-500 is started, a third-generation 32-bit supermini.
The text editor ND-NOTIS is launched,
an integrated system for word processing and data processing, with
the same terminal for all functions.
Intel arrives with their quasi-16-bits
4.77MHz 8088 microprocessor. Motorola introduces their first 16-bit
ND buys COMTEC by Nobø Fabrikker
A/S. This signals a very strong investment in integrated computer
systems for the graphical business, and especially the news paper
section. Mobil Exploration Norway Inc. puts 30 Million kroner to
ND's disposition for the development of computing equipment. The
number of employees has reached 717, but everyone still knows
Tim Berners-Lee created the
program ENQUIRE on a Sintran III minicomputer from
Norsk Data. with this program you could link between documents, and
we here have the start of the World Wide Web. Here you can find the
manual. Microsoft releases the OS Xenix.
The 3rd of July ND is made public on the
London Stock Exchange. This signifies an international breakthrough
on the financial market. Of the companies 1678 stock holders, 255
are now foreigners. The stock rises in the first year from NOK 55
to NOK 400.
ND-500, a third-generation 32-bit
supermini computer, with very high performance and security, based
on a non-von-Neumann architechture.
ACCESS, direct inquiry system allowing
case workers to query a DB.
IBM releases PC with Intel 8086
microprocessor and 64KB RAM.
ND strikes deal with the Dietz family in
Germany over the creation of the company Dietz Computer Systeme
GmbH inside the CAD/CAM sector. The cooperation is based on making
use of the existing sales and service organization of Dietz, while
the software, Technovision, is ported to the ND-500 line of
COSMOS, a network system allowing
sharing of applications and databases in a computer network.
Intel introduces a 16-bit 6MHz 80286
Microsoft releases MS-DOS
version 1.1 for IBM's PC.
ND's stock is noted on the Stockholm
exchange. ND purchases 70% of the stock in Sivildata AB. This
Swedish service bureau has a large IBM machine park, which
eventually has a direct impact on ND's development of software for
communications between these types of machines. ND is given the
award Corporation Of The Year 1983 by The corporate review.
ND-570/CX (ND-500/2), is the world's
fastest general-purpose 32-bits supermini machine. It performed 7.1
million Whetstone instructions pr. second by using an optimizing
Microsoft releases MS-DOS
version 2.0 and a very pre-version of Windows.
After the French space travel organization
CNES has recommended ND's 32-bit supermini computer for their next
five year program, ND can in October sign a large contract with
MATRA. This French company will start selling ND products under
their own name with marketing rights for the south-European
Motorola arrives with a 32-bits 16MHz 68020
Microsoft releases MS-DOS
In West-Germany the integration of the
former Dietz corporation with ND completes and the company name is
changed to Norsk Data GmbH. ND initiates a cooperative effort with
the Electronic Corporation of India, ECIL. For a fee ND will
transfer their ND-500 technology to India with the help of
Introduction of a new ND-100 CPU,
ND-120 CX (Delilah) with from 2 to 6 megabytes of onboard
Intel finally launch their 32-bits 16MHz
Microsoft is ready to launch the
first version of Windows (1.0).
ND purchases an 18% share and secures
through agreements control over the Danish system/software shop
Data Inform A/S. Further ND buys all the stock for the Norwegian
software house Infologic A/S. This company has developed a
fourth-generation development tool for commercial application
Johnny Oddene starts at Norsk Data Tuesday
the 13th of May.
In February, ND takes over the company
Autocon A/S from Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk A/S. This company
specializes in extremely advanced software for surface modelling
within CAD/CAM. ND buys the stock majority of Wordplex, one of
Englands best known computer companies. In the company there are
about 800 employees, and the company has large activities abroad in
amongst others Portugal, West-Germany, and Australia. Only home in
England is Wordplex making money. The magazine Datamation ranks ND
third on a ranking list over results in the computer corporation
all over the world, only beaten by Microsoft Corp. and Cray
Research. DEC and IBM are way down on the list with points about
half of what ND got.
ND-5000 (Samson) is released, a
fourth-generation 32-bit superminimachine. A new technological leap
over the competitors is thus achieved.
Motorola is ready with their new 32-bit
The Server 88-project results in two
standard configurations; TpServer- and ES-platform.
Rolf Skår quits as CEO of Norsk Data
20th of August 1989.
Intel is ready with their 32-bit 25MHz 486
ND-5850 (Rallar) is launched,
a fifth-generation 32-bit supermini.
Motorola announces their 32-bit 25MHz 68040
Microsoft is ready with Windows
MS-DOS version 5.0 is ready for
sale from Microsoft.
Intel introduces their 32-bit 25/50MHz
Microsoft sells Windows versjon
Motorola is ready with their 50 and 66MHz
PowerPC 601 processors.
Microsoft launches their
Nintendo version of Windows (Windows NT).
Intel introduces the i486DX4 processor.
Mosaic Communications launches
Netscape Navigator version 1.0.
Intel announces the Pentium Pro
Microsoft releases Windows
Intel launches the 200MHz Pentium Pro.
Microsoft announces version 4.0
of Windows Nintendo Technology (NT).
Upgrades and delivery of ND-5850
(Rallar)-machines to Norsk Tipping, NSB, Statkraft, Stavanger
New ND-5850 (Rallar) satellite delivered to
customer in February.
Release of Norsk Data Internet Server
(NDIS). So Norsk Data's homepages http://www.sintran.com can be run on
a Norsk Data supermini, as it should be.
A brilliant and completely correct quote
from professor Jens Glad Balchen at NTNU: In spite of
bankruptcy after ca. 25 years, ND was one of the largest industrial
computer successes the world has ever seen.
Computer World Norge, 16. februar 2001. The link works if
you're lucky, but it's in Norwegian.
New ND-100 Compact model 12 delivered to an
extremely happy customer in August.
Release of CLCKSRV, automatic
adjustment of time for daylight savings time. Other programs can
also do calls to the server to get deviations from GMT, if it's
DST, and of course date and time. ( which you can also get with MON
Norsk Data has to move out the last
remanders from the old headquarters at Skullerud and thus a long
Norwegian computing adventure is over. The former owners were
completely uninterested and mistreated about everything having to
do with Norsk Data in a series of years, and completely lacked the
understanding of how important it is to conserve the world's
greatest IT story.
Hipp hurray!. Long live
Norsk Data, Sintran Data
preserves the ND story so that it may never be forgotten.